Valium (Diazepam): A Benzodiazepine Drug
Valium (diazepam) is a benzodiazepine drug that is used to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms, muscle spasms, seizures, and trouble sleeping. It works by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons in the brain, which helps to reduce nerve activity and produce a calming effect. Valium can be taken with other medications to treat muscle spasms or seizures, or it can be taken before certain procedures such as surgery or dentistry.
Before taking Valium, it is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or other benzodiazepines such as temazepam or oxazepam. Additionally, it is important to inform them of your medical history. Valium may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. You should not drive, operate machinery, or do any other activity that requires alertness and clear vision unless you can do so safely. Avoid alcohol and talk to your doctor if you use marijuana (cannabis). Some liquid products may contain alcohol so it is important to talk to your pharmacist or doctor about the safe use of this product. Tell your dentist or doctor about any products you use before surgery, including prescription and nonprescription herbal products.
It is important to keep a list of all your products (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change, start or stop any medication without your doctor’s permission. Fluvoxamine, clozapine, and orlistat may interact with Valium. The risk of serious side effects (such as slow/shallow breathing and severe drowsiness/dizziness) may be increased if this medication is taken with other products that may also cause drowsiness or breathing problems. Talk to your pharmacist if you’re taking opioid pain relievers or cough medications (such codeine, hydrocodone), marijuana (cannabis), or other drugs for anxiety or sleep (such as alprazolam), lorazepam or zolpidem), muscle relaxants such as carisoprodol or cyclobenzaprine, or antihistamines like cetirizine or diphenhydramine). You should always read the labels of all medicines, such as allergy and cough-and-cold medications. They may contain ingredients that can cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist for information about the safe use of these products.
Call 911 if someone suffers from severe symptoms like trouble breathing or passing out due to an overdose. Call a poison control center immediately if you are concerned. US residents can contact their poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Overdose symptoms include severe drowsiness and slow/shallow breathing.
This medication should not be shared with anyone else. It is against the law to share it. You may need to have a lab and medical tests done if you take this drug for a prolonged period. All lab and medical appointments must be kept confidential.
Do not miss a dose. Take it as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it falls within the time frame for the next dose. Your next dose should be taken at the same time every day. To catch up, do not take twice the recommended dose.
Keep at room temperature, away from moisture and light. Avoid storing it in the bathroom. Concentrated solutions should be thrown out after 90 days. All medications should be kept away from children and pets.
You may experience drowsiness, tiredness, or blurred vision. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these symptoms persist or worsen. Your doctor prescribed this medication because you have been told it is beneficial and less likely to cause side effects. This medication is not known to cause serious side effects in many people. If you experience any side effects that are not expected, tell your doctor immediately. Get medical attention immediately if you experience serious side effects, such as slow or shallow breathing. It is very rare for this drug to cause a severe allergic reaction. If you have symptoms such as rash, swelling (especially on the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, or trouble breathing, please seek medical attention immediately. This list does not include all possible side effects. You should consult your pharmacist if you experience any other side effects. For medical advice regarding side effects in the US, call your doctor. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-222-1088.