Types of Eye Conditions and Their Treatments

Types of Eye Conditions and Their Treatments


Types of Eye Problems

There are various types of eye diseases and vision problems. Some don’t have any cure, but many others are treatable. You can assist your eye condition by following a healthy lifestyle and seeing your eye care expert regularly or when your vision changes. According to CDC, about 3.4 million people across the United States of age 40 or above meet the definition of legal blindness, which means visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better-seeing eye field of 20 degrees or less or have corrected vision. Approximately 7 percent of children of the USA under age 18 have been diagnosed with an eye problem or condition. About 3 percent of children under age 18 are blind or whose eyesight is impaired. Vision loss is among the top ten causes of disability in the USA in adults above age 18 and one of the primary disabling conditions in children.

But, it is never too late to start taking care of your health. Regular eye checkups and eye examinations can result in early diagnosis. It is the key to correcting or slowing most eye conditions. Always consult your eye care expert if your vision problems last for more than a few days or worsen.

Eye problems are of a wide variety. Glaucoma, Cataract, refractive errors are primary causes of visual impairment and preventable blindness. A cataract is the common cause of blindness, accounting for 66.2 percent of cases of blindness and 80.7 percent of cases of severe visual impairment followed by refractive error and glaucoma.

What are the Primary Causes and Symptoms of Eye Problems?

Infection, vitamin deficiency, genetics, allergy, chemical irritants, smoking, etc., are some of the common causes of eye diseases. The symptoms that demand immediate consultation include: blurred vision, severe eye pain, floaters, change in vision or sudden vision loss, the foreign body inside eye to eye, and watery or red eyes.

Types of Eye Problems and their Remedy

Refractive Errors

It is the most common vision problem across the United States. It includes hyperopia, myopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism between 40 to 50. The symptoms of refractive error include a blurred vision for near objects, distant objects, or both, irritation, headache, or itching. Refractive errors can be corrected through contact lens eyeglasses; in some cases, surgery is required.


It is the clouding in the eye’s lens and results in blindness worldwide, and it is the leading cause of vision loss in the USA. Due to various reasons, the problem of cataracts can occur at any age due to multiple causes and can also be present at birth. The symptoms of cataracts include sensitivity to light, cloudy vision, double vision, or poor vision at night. The treatment of cataracts is widely available; access barriers such as treatment cost, patient choice, lack of awareness, and insurance coverage prevent many people from receiving the proper treatment.

Diabetic Retinopathy

It is a common complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness in most American adults. Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by progressive damage of the retina’s blood vessels and light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that is important for good vision. The symptoms of this condition include blurred vision, double vision, and loss of sight. You can correct diabetic retinopathy through laser treatment, management of diabetes, and surgery. The risk of DR is also reduced through disease management, including reasonable blood sugar control. The early stage of diagnosis and timely treatment minimizes the risk of vision loss. If you notice any difficulty in your vision or constant irritation, immediately take the consultation of your health care professional at your convenience.

How to Protect Our Eyes from Mobile and Computers?

Eye strains from mobile and computers are a more common problem today than ever because everybody uses screens virtually in daily life. While not everyone uses computers every day, some people do use smartphones. Some experts say that this type of vision problem occurs in about 50 percent of computer users, which cause dry eyes, watery eyes, or vision problem. When you use digital tools all day for work, many symptoms arise for prolonged periods.

So, let us look at how we can protect our eyes from digital screens:

Rule 20/20/20

A human eye is not designed for staring all day at something directly in front of you. With the rule 20/20/20, you may give your

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