How Effective is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that causes hyperactive and impulsive behaviors in children. Symptoms of ADHD include self-focused behavior, interrupting, trouble waiting their turn, emotional turmoil, fidgeting, problems playing quietly, unfinished tasks, lack of focus, avoidance of tasks needing extended mental effort, mistakes, daydreaming, disorganization, and forgetfulness. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has grouped the condition into three categories to diagnose more accurately: Predominantly Inattentive, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive, and Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive and Inattentive.
ADHD is one of the most common childhood neurodevelopmental disorders, affecting 11% of the US population. If left untreated, it can lead to injuries, premature death, or obesity. Adults with ADHD are also more likely to become dependent on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, or other drugs.
The most common treatments for ADHD are medications and talk therapy. Five types of medication are used to treat ADHD: Methylphenidate, Dexamfetamine, Lisdexamfetamine, Atomoxetine, and Guanfacine. These medications can help children concentrate, be less impulsive, feel calmer, learn, and practice new skills. Talk therapy helps to build awareness and understanding of the disorder and enables children to learn alternative ways to cope with their day-to-day life activities.
It is important to note that the type of ADHD can change over time and so can the treatments. ADHD is not caused by too much screen time, poor parenting, or overeating sweets; it is a mental disorder that can be treated like many others if diagnosed in the early stages.