Oxycontin is a narcotic pain reliever (opioid analgesic) containing oxycodone hydrochloride, and is only available with a prescription. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Oxycontin is beneficial for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, and is usually prescribed when an around-the-clock medication is required. However, it is a potent opioid that stimulates the central nervous system and brain nerves, and thus caution should be taken while using Oxycontin for pain.
Street Name of Oxycontin
Various names are used to refer to this medicine, most commonly by those who recreationally use Oxycontin. These include Oxycotton, Oxy, Oxycet, and Percs, though these names may vary according to the area and domicile.
How to Use Oxycontin for Chronic Pain
As a pain medication, Oxycontin is prescribed to be taken every 12 hours as required. It contains a time-release formulation that dissolves slowly inside the body, whereas most other pain medications are useful to take every four to six hours. The dosage recommendations of this drug should be sought from a doctor, as doses vary for each patient. Not taking the prescribed doses may lead to overdoses or addiction.
Risks of Oxycontin Misuse
The risk of harmful effects is higher at abnormal and non-medical usage. The most common risk associated with opioids is respiratory depression, such as slowed breathing, and the results vary according to the strength of the drug and the medical condition of the patient. Common side effects of opioids, including Oxycontin, include nausea, constipation, sedation, vomiting, dizziness, headache, mood changes, flushing, sweating, dry mouth, weakness, and loss of appetite. Large single doses of Oxycontin can cause respiratory depression, which may include shallow breathing or irregular heartbeats. Even mild side effects of Oxycontin should be reported to a doctor.
Safety Measures for a Healthy Treatment
Appropriate safety measures should be taken while taking Oxycontin to prevent the harmful effects of this drug. These can be discussed with a doctor. Oxycontin stimulates the brain that may cause dizziness and drowsiness, and thus it should not be used if one is allergic to opioids or other stimulants. Additionally, it should not be used if one has asthma, alcohol addiction, liver or kidney problems, or heart problems. Furthermore, consultation with a doctor should be sought if one is pregnant or nursing a child.